Michigan Background Check
What is Background Check?
A background check or background investigation is the process of researching and compiling past information on an individual. This information is usually gleaned from public records held by government organizations and departments. They include arrest records (warrants, felony and misdemeanor charges, incarcerations, sex offenses), vital records (marriage and divorce records, birth and death certificates, civil court hearings), property records (owned property, estimated values, purchased goods used as collateral), background check records (bankruptcy records, places of residence, occupancies at that residence, and how long people lived there
The amount of background check information presented on StateRecords.org will vary from individual to individual as well as by what resources were used to collect the information, because different sources, which are publicly available, often have a non-standardized town, county and state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes.
In the United States, a county is a political and geographic subdivision of a state, usually assigned some level of governmental authority. Many counties are divided into smaller political or governmental units, which may provide governmental or public services. The importance of the county infrastructure lays on the court legal procedures and incarceration infrastructure. Most court cases in Michigan courts begin in one of the 83 superior or trial courts located in each of the state’s 83 counties. Each county demonstrates a judicial power and legal power by its courts. All small claim cases are assigned to the county courthouses, leaving them with the executive power over the sentence of the case.
Michigan Department of Correction and Rehabilitation is entitled to govern the majority of the imprisonment in the state of Michigan, excluding juvenile incarceration, federal prisons, and county jails. The state of Michigan registers 33 state prisons held by the Michigan Department of Correction and Rehabilitation, 1 federal prison that is a Federal Correctional Institution.
A criminal record is defined as an official document that records a person’s criminal history including arrest records, warrant records, felony records, misdemeanor records, and sex offender registration information. The information is assembled and updated from local, county and state jurisdictions, trial courts, courts of appeals as well as county and state correctional facilities. The standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county, but the majority of Michigan criminal records are organized in online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report.
A civil record is defined as the documents which keep, administrate, and maintain all records regarding a person’s most important life events. These records compile such documents as birth certificates, marriage records, divorce records, and death certificates. All the available records are gathered and stored in a permanent central registry state entity that is used to develop statistical analysis of its population presenting it to the public in a report. The records are compiled from the information presented by the bureaus of statistic and vital records, civil court cases, and vital indexes.
Bankruptcy is a legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay the debts it owes to creditors. In most jurisdictions, bankruptcy is imposed by a court order, often initiated by the debtor. While bankruptcy cases are always filed in United States Bankruptcy Court, an adjunct to the United State District Courts, bankruptcy cases, particularly with respect to the validity of claims and exemptions, are often dependent upon State law. The United States Code signed six types of bankruptcy under the Bankruptcy Code. The most common types of personal bankruptcy for individuals are addressed in Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 which compromise straight bankruptcy and Wage Earner Bankruptcy.
Why is Background Check is Available to the Public?
In 1889, the Michigan State Legislature passed a law named the Michigan Freedom of Information Act. Michigan’s Freedom of Information Act in 1977 codified the open records law in sections 15.231 – 15.246 of the Michigan Compiled Laws Annotated. Courts have since interpreted the statute as favoring disclosure with the narrowly construed exemption. The act aims to make sure disclosure of court records and other public records to the public. Every person throughout the state can request access to access all public records through the assigned specialized offices within its determined terms. The availability of the records extends to vital records, court records, criminal records, and bankruptcy information as these cases are governed by the Michigan District Courts.
What Background Check Access Mean to the Public?
The law is similar to the Michigan Open Meetings Act (OMA) requires that government meetings be conducted in public, with certain exceptions. While the Michigan Freedom of Information Act first goal is to show all public records to the public without requiring the purpose of the show. The provisions of the law are included in MCI (Michigan Compiled Laws) Sections 15.231 -15.246.